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Category:Film directors from Hyderabad, IndiaWomen’s war: A Canadian history
Women’s war: A Canadian history
As women and the feminist movement take centre-stage in a society mired in conflict, our history has its own stories to tell – and in Canada, it’s not a pretty picture. Today, armed conflict in the name of gender equality continues in Canada and around the world. In her new book, Anne Etches notes that Canada’s universal right to vote in the late 19th century began to be challenged as early as the 1880s as the vote was repressed and kept from women. The suffrage movement of the early 20th century aimed to enfranchise women by overturning the “separate spheres” philosophy that restricted their involvement to domestic duties. It included campaigns in five provinces (Prince Edward Island not included) that all together encompassed about 2,000 women and that were co-ordinated and supported by the government. In all, the movement changed the Canadian Constitution three times and helped ensure that all Canadians (male and female) could vote by 1919.
Up to that time, Canada had experimented with the idea of government by direct democracy. The city of Victoria had its first woman mayor in 1900, and the film City Without Pity, which was based on the city and directed by D.W. Griffith, was a major hit in 1918. Canada also had its own version of women’s suffrage for two years. In Manitoba, this was briefly realized with legislative success in the 1920s. But then the federal government intervened again, and only in 1944 did all provinces pass universal suffrage for women.
Martha McDevitt was one of the charter members of the Manitoba suffrage movement and was the first women to serve as mayor of Winnipeg.
This is a Canadian story that is slowly emerging from the shadows and that is the direction Etches’ new book takes us. It is also the story of the suffragist movement and the suffragist women who were working with men 0b46394aab